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749–738, 2 Kings , etc., in the Calah Annals of Tiglath-pileser III. Tiglath-pileser III’s stele from Iran, his only known stele, refers explicitly to Menahem as king of Samaria in column III, the right side, A: “[line 1] The kings of the land of Hatti (and of) the Aramaeans of the western seashore .
Among various references to “Pekah,” the most explicit concerns the replacement of Pekah in Summary Inscription 4, lines 15–17: “[line 15] .
)–732/731, 2 Kings , etc., in the inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III.
[line 17] Peqah, their king [I/they killed] and I installed Hoshea [line 18] [as king] over them” (, pp.
873–852, 1 Kings , etc., in the Kurkh Monolith by his enemy, Shalmaneser III of Assyria.
E.), Shalmaneser calls him “Ahab the Israelite” (, vol.
The same statue engraving later mentions both Hadadezer and Hazael together (RIMA 3, p. i, lines 25–26) in a topical arrangement of worst enemies defeated that is not necessarily chronological. 47–48, correct the earlier absence of this Hadadezer in (notably on p. or served as co-regent 844/842, 2 Kings , etc., in the Melqart stele, following the readings of Frank Moore Cross and Gotthard G. Reinhold and Cross’s 2003 criticisms of a different reading that now appears in , vol. It seems likely that Bar-hadad/Ben-hadad was his father’s immediate successor as king, as seems to be implied by the military policy reversal between 2 Kings 6:3–23 and .
Also, on the Kurba’il Statue, lines 29–30 refer to “Jehu, son of Omri” (RIMA 3, p. In Shalmaneser III’s Black Obelisk, current scholarship regards the notation over relief B, depicting payment of tribute from Israel, as referring to “Jehu, son of Omri” ( 216 (1974): pp.
A long version of Shalmaneser III’s annals on a stone tablet in the outer wall of the city of Aššur refers to Jehu in col. 280, the parallel “fragment of an annalistic text”). 810–783), which mentions “the tribute of Joash [= Iu’asu] the Samarian” (Stephanie Page, “A Stela of Adad-Nirari III and Nergal-Ereš from Tell Al Rimaḥ,” , pp.
mid-fifth century, Nehemiah , etc., in a letter among the papyri from the Jewish community at Elephantine in Egypt (A.
732/731–722, 2 Kings , etc., in Tiglath-pileser’s Summary Inscription 4, described in preceding note 18, where Hoshea is mentioned as Pekah’s immediate successor. Sanballat “I”, governor of Samaria under Persian rule, ca. As Jan Dušek shows, it cannot be demonstrated that any Sanballat II and III existed, which is the reason for the present article’s quotation marks around the “I” in Sanballat “I”; see Jan Dušek, “Archaeology and Texts in the Persian Period: Focus on Sanballat,” in Martti Nissinen, ed., SOUTHERN KINGDOM OF JUDAH 21.
805–790, 2 Kings 13:9, etc., in the Tell al-Rimaḥ inscription of Adad-Nirari III, king of Assyria (r.