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Posted by / 08-Nov-2015 17:33

On the basis of this freedom, in late 1710 Handel left Hanover for London, possibly in response to an earlier invitation from members of the English nobility.

By 1711, informed London audiences had become familiar with the nature of Italian opera through the numerous pastiches and adaptations that had been staged.

the result of this meeting was a collaboration which produced Handel's second Italian opera, Agrippina.

After this work's triumphant premiere at the Teatro San Giovanni Grisostomo in Venice, on 26 December 1709, Handel became, says biographer P. Lang, "world famous and the idol of a spoiled and knowledgeable audience".

Among those most keen to employ him was Prince Georg Ludwig, the Elector of Hanover and future King George I of Great Britain.

In June 1710 Handel accepted the appointment of Kapellmeister to Georg's Hanover court, under terms that gave him considerable scope to pursue his own interests.

With its spectacular vocal and orchestral passages, Rinaldo is regarded by critics as one of Handel's greatest operas.

Handel's first Italian opera, Rodrigo, showed an incomplete grasp of Italian style, with much of Keiser's Hamburg influence still evident; it was not a success when premiered in Florence, in late November or early December 1707.

A short "Italian Dialogue" he had written in honour of Queen Anne's birthday was well received when performed at St James's Palace on 6 February 1711.

In London, by means which are not documented, Handel secured a commission to write an Italian opera for the Queen's Theatre in the Haymarket (it became the "King's Theatre" after King George I's accession in 1714).

The story of love, war and redemption, set at the time of the First Crusade, is loosely based on Torquato Tasso's epic poem Gerusalemme liberata ("Jerusalem Delivered"), and its staging involved many original and vivid effects.

It was a great success with the public, despite negative reactions from literary critics hostile to the contemporary trend towards Italian entertainment in English theatres.

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Handel composed Rinaldo quickly, borrowing and adaptating music from operas and other works that he had composed during a long stay in Italy in the years 1706–10, during which he established a considerable reputation.