Examples of relative dating archaeology
The remains of domestic dogs have been found in many archaeological sites in Arizona.
No evidence suggest that these dogs were killed or used for food.
There is much evidence of trade and cultural interchange between the Mogollon and the Anasazi.6500 - 1200 B. The pre-Anasazi culture that moved into the Southwest after the big game hunters departed are called Archaic. They moved regularly and gathered wild plants in season.(early) 1200 B. They lived in simple shelters of perishable materials or in shallow caves or rock shelters.
500 - 750 Deep pithouses were developed, along with some above- ground rooms, surface storage pits and cists. Plain gray and some black-on-white pottery is made. Pottery includes corrugated gray, elaborate black-on-white, red and orange. 1350 - 1600 Typically, large pueblos are oriented on a central plaza. The number of Pueblos shrinks from the more than 100 observed in 1539 to 20.
During their absence, treasured articles and reserve supplies of food were cached in storage pits or cists, excavated in the dry floors of caves.
were used not only for storage, but also as sepulchers, in which the dead were buried with accompanying mortuary offerings.
The Anasazi culture is believed to have gradually evolved out of a nonagricultural base of the ancient Desert culture, once widespread in western North America, though precise evidence of the transition has yet to be discovered. 50 These early Anasazi camped in the open or lived in caves seasonally. Most of the traditional Anasazi villages in the Four Corners Area are abandoned by 1300. However, the resilient and resourceful Pueblo still live and maintain their thousands-of-years-old culture.
have been in part derived from the Mogollon culture, an older tradition of settled agriculturalists and ceramics producers who flourished from c.100 b.c. 1400 in the mountain areas of east central Arizona and west central New Mexico. Hunters used stone-tipped spears and knives, atlatl and dart or spear, and hunted deer, bighorn sheep and antelope. During this period they increasingly relied on cultivated gardens of corn and squash, but no beans. had begun by this time to cultivate squash and a type of maize.
that lived on the fringes of human society scavenging scraps may be the ancestor of early dog breeds.The greater reliance on farming made it possible for the Basket Makers to begin a sedentary mode of life in villages.Toward the end of the period the spear was replaced by the bow and arrow.Dogs may have "self-domesticated" when they started scavenging waste from the human settlements that began to appear at this time.For any animal to succeed in such a niche, it would have to be comfortable living and eating in close proximity to humans, as an animal that feared them would not be able to survive in human settlements and would return to living away from people.